|id||The Bible: quick ideas about the Bible. What it is the Bible? Jewish, Protestant and Catholic vision. Interpretation of the Bible. Relationship with the Tradition and the Magisterium. Divine inspiration of the Bible. Use of the Bible.|
|bíblia(por) bibbia(it) bible(fr) biblia(esp)|
A. WHAT IS THE BIBLE?
1. What is the Bible? Bible is called the set of texts inspired by God to lead men to heaven. The books before Jesus Christ, are called the Old Testament. The other texts are the New Testament. The divine inspiration of the Bible is endorsed by the Judeo-Christian tradition.
2. What do the Jews say, about the Bible? Jews only accept as inspired, the books of the Old Testament. They usually understand quite literally and rigorously on detailed applications.
3. What do Protestants say about the Bible? In the Protestant theory still rules the slogans of "scripture alone" and "free examination", who reject the Tradition and Magisterium to affirm that each one interprets the Bible in their own way. For this reason many divisions have emerged in Protestantism. However, in practice, Protestants interpret the Bible according to the tradition of religious branch, and according to explanations of its leaders. It is logical that way.
4. What the Orthodox say about the Bible? In general, the Orthodox agree with Catholics on his vision of the Bible.
5. What Catholics say about the Bible? Catholics also accept that the Bible is inspired by God. As for biblical interpretation, Catholics follow the Tradition and the Magisterium of the Pope.
B. INTERPRETATION OF THE BIBLE
1. Does the Bible needs interpretation? Anyone reading a book understands in a way that may be different from the way of understanding of another reader. This is correct also to read the Bible. However, it may happen that some reading obtained opposite conclusions to what God wants to say. Therefore, it is also personal opinions, there is an authentic interpretation to ensure fidelity to the divine will. Among Catholics, this task is performed by the Magisterium of the Church, according to Tradition.
2. Why Catholics enjoy this authentic interpretation? Because Jesus Christ chose well, as shown in the Bible itself:
4. Is not better that each one interprets the Bible in their own way? This is not convenient, because with great ease, everyone can understand what they like taking a text here or there, regardless of other biblical texts and other teachings of Jesus Christ. Each one invent their own religion in which he would be the one to dictate the rules. And a religion invented by oneself is certainly false.
5. Why God has chosen to do so? The Lord wanted to join the Bible with Tradition and the Magisterium, seeking the good of man:
7. An example? In the Old Testament were commanded to stone adulteresses, do not eat pork, sacrifice two lambs each day, perform circumcision (this was very important), and so on. In the New Testament, we read how God calls Peter to change some things, especially the big change to abolish circumcision. Apostles gathered with Peter decreed: "We decided the Holy Spirit and we will not further burden than necessary: to abstain from things sacrificed to idols, from blood, from things strangled and from fornication. Do well to keep yourselves from these things "(Acts 15: 28-29). This biblical text shows how the Lord leads the Apostles. Here, the Old and New Testament apparently opposed, but is still God who guides his people through Moses before, then with Peter, now with the Pope. It is the divine style of acting.
8. Does the Catholic Church prohibits reflect on the Bible? No, no. Reading and meditating on the Bible is highly recommended in the Catholic Church, if one reads it with a desire to pray, learn and get closer to God. Above all it is very advisable to read the Gospels.
C. DIVINE INSPIRATION OF THE BIBLE
1. What does it mean that the Bible is inspired by God? The divine inspiration of the Bible means that God Himself is the author of these books, even used to write, a human instrument. The human author writes with style, but under divine inspiration, so that the writing really is God's word.
2. How do we know that the Bible is inspired by God? This inspiration is known for two main reasons:
D. USE OF THE BIBLE
1. How to use the Bible? Theologians use the scriptures for their studies. Catholics use the Bible to learn and pray, not to resolve issues. To resolve questions, we have the catechism.
2. Not to resolve issues? Protestants and Jews wonder where does the Bible say this?, As if they were all great theologians are set to discuss the Scriptures, with results not always accurate because not all are biblical scholars. Catholics at the time to resolve doubts, rather ask, what the Catechism says about this? And we get great advantages: the catechism is clearer, more developed teaching together, and is as safe as the Bible. To resolve issues, the Bible claims, research and interpretation that are not available to any amateur. To pray is wonderful.
3. Mistakes? Around the Bible, there are ways of reasoning that lead to mistakes. Generally agree on the pretense of using the Bible as a system to answer questions, forgetting Tradition and the Magisterium. Let's see some erroneous arguments: